• Directeur de l'Unité - Professeur - Full Professor

Doctorat, Université de Toulouse, 1991
HDR, Université de Poitiers, 2000

Responsabilités

  • Directeur de l’Unité – UMR7267
  • Directeur-adjoint à la Recherche – UFR Sciences Fondamentales et Appliquées
  • Membre de la Commission Recherche de l’Université de Poitiers

Thèmes de Recherche

Isolement et caractérisation de molécules anti-Legionella et étude du mode d’action de ces agents antimicrobiens (peptides et biosurfactants) produits par des microorganismes, afin de les utiliser pour contrôler le développement de Legionella dans l’eau.

Développement de traitements antifongiques pour la lutte contre les champignons phytopathogènes de la vigne.

Fonctionnalisation de surfaces par greffage, covalent ou non, de molécules antimicrobiennes, dont des peptides, afin d’essayer d’obtenir des systèmes stables pour l’élaboration de matériaux, biomédicaux en particulier, à activité anti-biofilm.

Etude du dialogue moléculaire entre microorganismes, en particulier dans les microbiotes (quorum sensing), et son impact dans la prolifération et la virulence des bactéries pathogènes.

Impact de polluants environnementaux, dont des perturbateurs endocriniens (PEs), et de leurs métabolites sur la survie et la virulence de constituants bactériens, commensaux et pathogènes, de divers microbiotes humains (cutané, pulmonaire et intestinal) ou environnementaux.

Mots-clés

Legionella, phytopathogènes, antimicrobien, peptide, quorum sensing, microbiotes,

Publications représentatives

  1. M. Berjeaud, S. Chevalier, M. Schlusselhuber, E. Portier, C. Loiseau, W. Aucher, O. Lesouhaitier and J. Verdon. « Legionella pneumophila: the paradox of a highly sensitive opportunistic waterborne pathogen able to persist in the environment”; Front. Microbiol., 2016, 7, 486,
  2. Loiseau, J. Augenstreich, A. Marchand, E. Harté, M. Garcia, J. Verdon, M. Mesnil, S. Lecomte, M. Berjeaud.. “Specific anti-leukemic activity of the peptide Warnericin RK and analogues and visualization of their effect on cancer cells by chemical Raman imaging”, 2016, PLoS One, 11(9):e0162007.
  3. Roblin G., Octave S., Faucher M., Fleurat-Lessard P., Berjeaud J.-M. (2018). Cysteine: A multifaceted amino acid involved in signaling, plant resistance and antifungal development. Plant Physiol Biochem 129: 77–89.
  4. Corre M.-H., Delafont V., Legrand A., Berjeaud J.-M., Verdon J. (2019). Exploiting the Richness of Environmental Waterborne Bacteria Species to Find Natural Legionella pneumophila Competitors. Front Microbiol 9: 3360.
  5. Roblin G., Luini E., Fleurat-Lessard P., Larignon P., Berjeaud J.-M. (2019). Towards a preventive and/or curative treatment of esca in grapevine trunk disease: General basis in the elaboration of treatments to control plant pathogen attacks. Crop Prot 116: 156–169
  6. Crepin A., Jegou J-F., Andre S., Ecale F., Croitoru A., Cantereau A., Berjeaud J.-M., Ladram A., Verdon J. (2020). In vitro and intracellular activities of frog skin temporins against Legionella pneumophila and its eukaryotic hosts. Sci Rep 10(1):3978.
  7. Rouxel, M. Barthe, P. Marchand, C. Juin, L. Mondamert, T. Berges, P. Blanc, J.M. Berjeaud and W. Aucher, “Characterization of antifungal compounds produced by lactobacilli in cheese-mimicking matrix: Comparison between active and inactive strains.”, Int J Food Microbiol, 2020, 333, 108798.
  8. Ecale, A. El Houari, S. Crapart, J. Laparre; M. Ramnath, J.M. Berjeaud, M.H. Rodier and A. Crépin, “In vitro sensitivity of 30 anaerobic bacterial strains of the human intestinal core microbiota to antibiotics: culture and LC-MS/MS approaches”, Anaerobe, 2021, 67, 102314
  9. Herran, P. Grève, J.M. Berjeaud, J. Bertaux and A. Crépin, “Legionella spp. all ears? The broad occurrence of quorum sensing elements outside Legionella pneumophila”, Genome Biol Evol, 2021, 13, evab032.
  10. Alafaci, A. Crépin, S. Beaubert, M. Berjeaud, V. Delafont and J. Verdon, “Exploring the individual bacterial microbiota of questing Ixodes ricinus nymphs”, Microorganisms, 2021, 9, 1526.
  11. H. Corre, A. Mercier, M. Bouteiller, A. Khalil, C. Ginevra, S. Depayras, C. Dupont, M. Rouxel, M. Gallique, L. Grac, S. Jarraud, D. Giron, A. Mérieau, J.M. Berjeaud and J. Verdon, « Bacterial Long-Range Warfare: Aerial Killing of Legionella pneumophila by Pseudomonas fluorescens », Microbiol. Spectrum, 2021, 9, e00404-21.

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Main responsabilities:

  • Director of the Unit – UMR7267
  • Deputy Director of Research – UFR Fundamental and Applied Sciences
  • Member of the Research Commission of the University of Poitiers

Research Topics

Isolation and characterization of anti-Legionella molecules and study of the mode of action of these antimicrobial agents (peptides and biosurfactants) produced by microorganisms, in order to use them to control the development of Legionella in water.

Development of antifungal treatments for the control of phytopathogenic fungi of the vine.

Functionalization of surfaces by grafting, covalent or not, of antimicrobial molecules, including peptides, to try to obtain stable systems for the development of materials, biomedical in particular, with anti-biofilm activity.

Study of the molecular dialogue between microorganisms, in particular in microbiotas (quorum sensing), and its impact in the proliferation and virulence of pathogenic bacteria.

Impact of environmental pollutants, including endocrine disruptors (EDCs), and their metabolites on the survival and virulence of bacterial, commensal and pathogenic constituents of various human (skin, lung and intestinal) or environmental microbiotas.

Keywords (5)

Legionella, vine pathogens, antimicrobial, peptide, quorum sensing, microbiota, bacterial virulence